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Life Sciences

COI barcoding in mayflies (Ephemeroptera)

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Avery Larsen, College of science, Biology

Is Coloburiscidae Monophyletic: A Test of the Gondwanan Hypothesis

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Meecham, Jarod; Ogden, T. Heath (Utah Valley University)
Faculty Advisor: Ogden, Thomas (Science, Biology)

This research aims to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships of the mayfly family Coloburiscidae
(Ephemeroptera) - the spinose gilled mayflies. This family is comprised of three genera: Murphyella, Coloburiscoides, and Coloburiscus. A unique characteristic of this family is that they demonstrate Gondwanan distribution being found in New Zealand, Australia, and Southern South America. In past studies, combined morphological and molecular data have questioned the family's monophyly. The molecular data that has been used mostly comes from five "traditional" genes used in insect molecular phylogenetics. We compared our newly generated phylogenomic data to these traditional genes. We used targeted capture next generation sequencing to generate over 400 exons from the mayfly genome to create a large phylogenomic dataset. Bioinformatic software was used to align the data and carry out phylogenetic tree reconstruction using maximum likelihood, Bayesian, and maximum parsimony analyses. The resulting trees support the monophyly of Coloburiscidae, confirming the hypothesis of this research.

Characterization of Halophyte Rhizosphere Microbiomes at Great Salt Lake, Utah

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Calhoun, Emily; Staab, Ambur; Parrott, David (Westminster College)
Faculty Advisor: Parrott, David (Westminster College, Biology)

The saline soils comprising the shoreline of Great Salt Lake, Utah (GSL) provide a unique habitat for both halophytes (salt-tolerant plants) and the microorganisms that inhabit their rhizosphere. While plant diversity has been well documented at GSL, little is known about the microbial diversity in the rhizosphere. Here we present preliminary data characterizing the halophyte rhizosphere microbiome at two GSL locations; the more saline North Arm near the artwork, Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty (SJ), and the less saline South Arm on Antelope Island (AI). The rhizosphere of several plants along the shoreline at both SJ and AI locations was sampled. For each sample, plants were identified, soil salinity was quantified, DNA was isolated, and microbial cultures were established on either MGM or TSA medium. Numerous unique isolates were observed on both media, indicating the presence of both halophiles and non-halophiles in the rhizosphere. Subsequent 16s rDNA sequencing substantiated this, identifying a combined total 58 species of Archaea and more than 1100 Bacterial species among all collected samples. Our data suggest differences in the composition of rhizosphere microbiomes depending on location, soil type and salinity, and plant species. Decreased diversity of both Archaeal and Bacterial species was observed in rhizospheres at SJ compared to AI. Interestingly, a corresponding increase in the representation of halophilic Archaea at SJ was observed, possibly linked to the much higher salt concentration in the North Arm. Our results provide insight into the halophyte rhizosphere microbiome and expand our current knowledge of halophyte-halophile relationships.

The Ramp Atlas: A user-friendly online repository of tissue and cell-type specific ramp sequences

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Taylor Meurs, College of Life Sciences, Biology

Paucilactobacillus wasatchsensis WCD04 biofilm formation and adherence to stainless steel

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Lizell Mejias, College of Science, Microbiology

Green Fluorescent Protein Transfection for Enhanced Structural Differentiation of Mixed Cell Culture Images

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Tyson Hoyt, College of Science, Biology

Gluconate Metabolism by Paucilactobacillus wasatchensis WDC04 can be a cause of Late Gas Defect in Aging Cheese

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Kate Sorensen, College of Science, Microbiology

Association of genetic polymorphisms of Cyclooxygenase II gene and prostatic diseases.

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Bryson Edwards, College of Science, Biology

Effect of Inorganic Salts on the Growth of Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Niharika Mishra, College of Science, Microbiology

Can Little Changes Kill You? Using Great Salt Lake Brine Shrimp to Examine Developmental Mortality

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Jessica Jones, College of Science, Biology

Downstream Targets of Nkx6.1 and Pdx1 Present Targets for Inducing Beta-Cell Proliferation

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Daelin Jensen, College of Life Sciences, Plant and Wildlife Sciences

Acetobacter to Lactobacillus Ratios within Drosophila Melanogaster Microbiota, Diet and Environment Across a Latitudinal Range

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Amanda Morrison, College of Life Sciences, Plant and Wild Life Sciences

Exploring the Effects of Oleate on Nr4a1 Transcriptional Activity and Binding

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Liana Leininger, College of Family, Home, and Social Sciences, Neuroscience

DNA Comparison Within Owlfly Genus Ululodes Reveals New Species

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Jeremy Jensen, College of Science, Department of Biology

Beta Cell Replication through Nkx6.1

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Connor Littlefield, College of Life sciences, Nutrition, dietetics and food science

Microbiome Effects on Drosophila melanogaster Metabolomics

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Sarah Gottfredson, College of Life Sciences, Plant and Wildlife Sciences

Evaluating Feature Correlation in Large Alzheimer's Disease Multi-Domain Datasets

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Erik Huckvale, College of Life Sciences, Biology

Effects of the Ketogenic Diet on Hippocampal Long-Term Potentiation

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Anna Everett, College of Family, Home, and Social Sciences, Neuroscience

The Effect of Glucotoxicity Induced ROS on Beta Cell Nkx6.1 Expression and Insulin Secretion

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Weston Elison, College of Life Sciences, Physiology and Developmental Biology

Staying or Leaving STEM: Factors Influencing Undergraduate Major Decision

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Amanda Aamodt, College of Life Sciences, Biology

Feeding rate as a prediction tool for intraindividual variation in D. Melanogaster

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Tyler Burke, BYU, Plant and Wildlife Sciences

Effects of TMAO on Beta-cell Apoptosis

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Jordan Davis, College of Life Sciences, Physiology and Developmental Biology

The Effects of Nr4a3 on Insulin Secretion

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Peter Ellsworth, College of Life Sciences, Plant and Wildlife Sciences

Epigenetic Profiling of Human Peripheral Blood Monocytes

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Nolan Cole, Life Sciences, Micor-Molecular Biolody

Why Parents Say No to Having Their Children Vaccinated Against Measles: A Systematic Review

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Mallory Showalter, College of Life Sciences, Public Health

A signaling pathway-driven bioinformatics pipeline for predicting therapeutics against emerging infectious diseases

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Tiana Scott, College of Life Sciences, Microbiology and Molecular Biology

Synaptic Plasticity: Learning and Unlearning

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Austin Stewart, College of Family, Home, and Social Sciences, Neuroscience

Environmental Variation Shapes the D. Melanogaster Microbiota

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Ashton Tanner, College of Life Sciences, Plant and Wildlife Sciences

Interviews of Undergraduate Bioinformatics Students Suggest Contrasting Reasons Why Men and Women Do or Do Not Participate in Cl

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Emilee Severe, College of Life Sciences, Plant and Wildlife Sciences

Reciprocal Peer Tutoring Homework Assignment on Student Learning: Effective Across Different Courses with Different Instructors?

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Madeleine Tullis, College of Life Sciences, Biology Science Education

Can students reap the benefits of reciprocal peer tutoring individually, or is the social interaction required?

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Inori Tsuchiya, College of Life Sciences, Bioinformatics

The Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Limited Nkx6.1 Synthesis and Translocation

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Jared Wieland, College of Life Sciences, Biology

Nkx6.1 overexpression restores beta cell functionality under glucotoxic conditions

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Kristopher Wieland, College of Life Sciences, Nutrition

The Effects of NR4A1 on Insulin Secretion

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Drake Watkins, College of Life Science, Microbiology and Molecular Biology

Lactobacillus curvatus Metabolomics

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Dallin Leatham, College of Science, Microbiology

Antimicrobial Activity of Artemesia tridentata

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: David Suisse, College of Humanities and Social Science, Communication Studies

Making Octahedral Particles

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Miles Robertson, University of Utah, Biochemistry

Interleukin-6 mediated regulation of ENaC via Time-Dependent MAPK Family Activation

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Harini Srinivasan, College of Science, Chemistry

Isolation and purification of bacterial species from rhizosphere of native plant Ceanothus velutinus (Snowbrush)

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Katherine Webb, College of Agriculture and Applied Sciences, Department of Plants, Soils, and Climate

Effects of Phragmites australis destruction on the concentration of trace metals in Utah Lake water, sediments, and plants

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Ikaikaolahui Danner, College of Science, Biology

Competitive night-time stomatal response of Populus trichocarpa during drought

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Karrin Tennant, College of Science, School of Biological Sciences

PRSKB: A Web-based Polygenic Risk Score Calculator and Knowledge Base

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Ed Ringger, College of Life Sciences, Biology

Does Gender Influence Participation and Performance in Bioinformatics? 

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Mikaylie Parco, College of Life Sciences, Biology

Visualizing and Describing Science Identity Through an Image Association Survey

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenters: Preston Carroll, Utah Valley University, Biology

Identification and characterization of PD-L1 in bovine placentas

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Andre Nguyen, College of Science, Biology

Bird Age and Likelihood of Fatal Collisions

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Taylor Kenyon, College of Science, Biology

Do Cocoa Flavanol Metabolites Induce Proliferation and Protect Against Apoptosis in Pancreatic β-cells?

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Chad Mourino, College of Life Sciences, Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

The Utilization of Liposomes for Delivery of Gentamicin to Biofilms

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Nathan Buhler, College of Humanities and Life Sciences, Biology

How Consumers Can Reduce Carbon Emissions By Utilizing Human Powered And Electric Assisted Locomotion.

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Andrew Grover, Jon M. Huntsman School of Business, Marketing and Strategy

The Mayflies of Utah

February 19, 2021 12:00 AM
Presenter: Tabitha Weir, College of Science, Biology