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Health

November 19, 2020 11:19 PM
Lucas Pinto; Dane Jo; Ashton Omdahl; Megan McGhie; Caroline Tyler; Shun Sambongi; Caleb Cranney, Brigham Young University
November 17, 2020 01:33 PM
Neil Duncan, Dixie State University
November 16, 2020 10:48 PM
Benjamin Ogilvie; Jon Mitton; Jordan Tucker, Brigham Young University
November 12, 2020 01:38 PM
Matthew Bradley, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Title: The Fox Anger Inventory: A New Way to Measure State Anger Author: Logan Ashworth, Mentor: Michelle Grimes Affiliation: Southern Utah University Poster Presentation Introduction Tests that purport to measure anger most often measure trait anger as opposed to state anger. There are few measures of state anger available in the public domain. The purpose of the current study was to construct a new measure of state anger, the Fox Anger Inventory (FAI), which records state anger by presenting respondents with a series of items that include emotionally-valenced words as response options. The words chosen for the FAI were taken from the Affective Norms for English Words (ANEW) database (Bradley & Lang, 2017). We hypothesize the FAI will demonstrate adequate internal consistency and construct validity. This project is currently in the IRB approval process, data collection is projected to be complete by December, 2017. Methods Approximately 60 participants will be recruited from Southern Utah University PSY 1010 classes. Participants complete the FAI and the the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-2; Spielberger, 1988). The order of completion will be chosen at random. Participants will receive course credit in their PSY 1010 class for completing the survey. Results We predict the FAI will demonstrate internal consistency with cronbach’s alpha estimates of .80 or higher. Further, we predict the FAI will demonstrate construct validity through a positively correlated to the STAXI-2. Conclusion If our hypothesis is supported, this will provide evidence that the FAI is a reliable and valid measure of state anger. Specifically, adequate internal consistency estimates will provide evidence of reliability. A strong positive correlation between the FAI and the STAXI-2 will indicate construct validity. If our hypothesis is not supported our measure will not be a viable tool to measure state anger. Implications for the project, as well as future directions will be discussed.
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Matt Austin, Brooke Smyth, Lauren Manwaring, Moroni Lopez, Brigham Young University Currently, an estimated 30.3 million Americans have diabetes, and experts predict 54.9 million Americans will have diabetes by 2030. The increasing prevalence of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) accounts for much of this expected growth. T2D is characterized by insulin resistance, which eventually leads to a reduction in functional β-cell mass. Thus, treatments that increase β-cell proliferation, survival, and function have the potential to reverse the effects of diabetes. One treatment that has shown promise is the use of dietary cocoa flavanols. These compounds have shown the ability to prevent the onset of diabetes in mice. Furthermore, a recent study conducted by our lab group demonstrated that monomeric cocoa flavanols improved insulin secretion by increasing mitochondrial respiration. In addition to stimulating insulin secretion, we hypothesize that cocoa flavanols may also confer anti-diabetic effects by promoting β-cell proliferation. To that end, we present data that shows the effect of monomeric, oligomeric, and polymeric cocoa flavanols on β-cell proliferation. Our results also suggest a mechanism by which these compounds stimulate proliferation in β-cells. These findings strengthen the growing body of evidence that dietary cocoa flavanols can ameliorate the effects of T2D.
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Jeffrey Zhao, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Bryson Dabney; Sean Pickard, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Logan Ashworth, Southern Utah University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Karaleen Anderson; Mariel Hatch; Caeleb Harris; Jeremiah Ferrin; Jedediah Orullian; Hutch Rhees, Utah Value University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Ashley Markham; Lindsey Friend; Ryan Williamson; Collin Merrill; Scott Newton, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Tatum Smith, Utah Valley University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Erin Saito; Gabriel Melendez; Roxanne Miller, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Juan Valladares; Hanna Prieto; Niyeli Herrera; Yerina Flores, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Hollie Roper; Jake Rowley; Dakota Witzel, Dixie State University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Clayton Booth; Mitch Johansen, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Taylor Pack; Caden Duffy; Rachel Glew, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Joseph Rich; Isaac Myres; Silvia Moncada; Matthew Hodgson; Beverly Roeder; Clayton Holding; Blaine Oldham; Rane Eskelsen, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Nicholas Baker, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Blake Adams, Utah Valley University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Joseph Hartle, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Arianna Reay; Aubrie Taylor, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Brittany Colby, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Trevor Teerlink, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Dan Oliveira; Hilary Bingham, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Alexander Mitchell, Dixie State University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Brenna Colby; Sarah Burgoyne, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Brian Allen; Brian Farnsworth; Don Davies; Parker Ferguson, Weber State University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Brian Farnsworth; Parker Ferguson; Tracy Covey, Weber State University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Liliana Bautista; Rachelle Clayson, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Spencer Ericksen; Annika Warncke; Julio Hidalgo, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Thomas Burton, Utah Valley University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Parker Howe; Adriana Vieira De Abreu; Rahul Agrawal, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Dylan Wootton, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Kaden Parks, Utah Valley University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Julie Xu; Maren Voss; Rohan D'souza; Jerry Bounsanga; Alec Hansen; Dominique Nielson, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Tess Armbrust; Canyon Neal; Ashli Hunter; Forest Eddy; Sumira Phatak; Korry Hintze, Utah State University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Ryker Hacking, Utah State University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Kelsey Bennion, Brigham Young University
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Megan Shaw, University of Utah
January 01, 2018 12:00 AM
Annalyse Kofoed, Utah Valley University